When we suffer a neck or spinal injury it is crucial to have effective recovery methods. In this sense, the cervical collar has become a widely used device to provide support and facilitate rehabilitation in these cases.
It is an orthopedic device designed to immobilize and protect the cervical spine and neck. Its main purpose is to restrict head and neck movements, thereby reducing stress and load on the affected structures during the recovery process . By limiting sudden and excessive movements, the cervical collar allows injured tissues to repair and recover properly.
It is important to note that the use of the cervical collar is not appropriate for all neck or spinal injuries, and its use must be supported by a full medical evaluation. Some of the cases in which its use is recommended are:
Traumatic injuries : Following a car accident, fall, or severe impact to the neck, it can be helpful in immobilizing the cervical spine and preventing further damage.
Vertebral Fractures : In cases of stable vertebral fractures, the cervical collar provides stability while awaiting appropriate medical intervention.
Neck or spine surgery : Following surgery in the neck or spinal area, a neck brace is commonly used to limit movement and provide support during the recovery process.
Mild Neck Injuries : In certain cases of minor neck injuries, such as sprains or strains, a cervical collar may be prescribed to help reduce tension and promote healing.
On the other hand, it is essential to remember that the use of the cervical collar must be supervised by a medical professional and follow the specific recommendations for each case. For this, it is convenient to take into account its main functions:
- Stabilization: offers stability to the cervical spine , avoiding unwanted movements that could aggravate an existing injury. This reduces stress on the muscles, ligaments, and discs of the spine.
- Immobilization: By restricting the range of movement of the neck, the cervical collar prevents injuries from worsening due to involuntary or accidental movements. This promotes healing and prevents further complications .
- Support and Alignment: Helps maintain proper alignment of the cervical spine, which is especially important after injury. By maintaining a neutral position, the pressure on the affected structures is minimized and recovery is favored.