International Parkinson's Day is a key date to raise awareness about this disease that affects millions of people around the world and try to find a cure. It is celebrated each year on April 11 in honor of the birth of British physician James Parkinson, who first described the disease in his 1817 essay.
Parkinson's is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects people over 60 years of age , and is characterized by the progressive degeneration of nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine. Patients experience symptoms such as tremors, muscle stiffness, slowness of movement, and balance problems. It can also affect memory and thinking ability.
The main goal of International Parkinson's Day is to raise awareness of the disease and highlight the need for more research in the search for a cure. The visibility of the disease in society is important as it can help people to understand the disease and patients to feel less isolated. In addition, public awareness can also help patients access the resources and services they need to live with the disease.
In recent years, important medical advances have been made in the treatment of Parkinson's. Current medications and therapies can alleviate some of the symptoms of the disease and improve the quality of life for patients. However, there is still no cure for the disease. Researchers continue to search for new therapies and treatments that can stop the progression of the disease and ultimately find a cure.
Stem cell therapy is one of the latest medical advances. Human clinical trials have shown that this therapy can help restore dopamine production and improve Parkinson's symptoms in some patients. The use of deep brain stimulation, a technique in which a device is implanted in the patient's brain to stimulate certain areas and improve symptoms, is also being investigated .
In conclusion, International Parkinson's Day is an important opportunity to raise awareness of this reality and highlight the need for more research in the search for a cure. Despite medical advances in recent years, much remains to be done. It is crucial to continue to support research to help Parkinson's patients live better and find a cure for this debilitating disease.