What is low back pain and how to prevent it

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Low back pain is a fairly common condition for most people at some point in their lives. This pain is felt in the lower back, specifically in the lumbar region of the spine. If you have never suffered from it, stay in this article and learn how to prevent it properly.

What is low back pain?

Low back pain refers to pain that appears in the lumbar region of the spine. If the low back pain is acute it can last from a few days to several weeks, while if it is chronic it can last several months or even years. In addition, this condition can be caused by different factors, such as:

  • Poor posture: incorrect posture when sitting, standing, lifting heavy objects, or even sleeping.

  • Overexertion: lifting heavy objects, carrying backpacks, standing for long periods of time, or doing strenuous physical exercise without warming up properly.

  • Injuries: fractures, herniated discs, spinal stenosis, etc.

  • Psychological factors: Stress, anxiety, and depression can increase sensitivity to pain and significantly worsen low back pain.

How can it be prevented?

To prevent low back pain it is essential to follow some basic guidelines:

  • Maintain good body posture: It is important to sit correctly , not stand for long periods of time, and avoid bending or twisting the spine.

  • Avoid overexertion: do not lift objects that are too heavy, avoid carrying backpacks or bags that are too heavy, in addition to exercising gradually and progressively.

  • Get adequate rest: sleep in a comfortable bed with a firm mattress , and avoid being in the same position for a long time.

  • Doing physical exercise: Maintaining a good physical shape helps to strengthen the muscles of the back and reduce the risk of low back pain.

How should it be treated?

If you suffer from low back pain, you should try to alleviate the pain and prevent it from getting worse by:

  • Rest: it is advisable to rest for a few days and avoid activities that may worsen the pain.

  • Application of heat or cold: applying an ice pack or a warm compress to the affected area can reduce pain.

  • Medications: Pain relievers and anti-inflammatories can be taken to reduce pain and inflammation.

  • Physical therapy: A physical therapist can improve mobility and strengthen your back muscles.

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